Author Archives: Convergence Movement

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Patriarch Bartholomew I - Convergence Movement

Ecumenical #PatriarchBartholomew: “Protecting human freedom and dignity” #ConvergenceMovement

“Protecting human freedom and dignity is a vital contribution to peace-building by religious communities”

Ecumenical Patriarch His All-Holiness Bartholomew I as he spoke at the Al-Azhar International Peace Conference on 27-28 April in Egypt.

“During the last two decades, humanity has experienced continuous terrorist attacks, which are the cause of death and hurt of thousands of people, and which are becoming the greatest threat and source of fear for contemporary societies,” he said. “Since then, religions have been often suspected or openly accused for inspiring terrorism and violence.”

Religion is a vital factor in the peace process, Bartholomew said. “Religion can, of course, divide by causing intolerance and violence. But this is rather its failure, not its essence, which is the protection of human dignity.”

Interreligious dialogue recognizes the differences of religious traditions and promotes peaceful coexistence and cooperation between people and cultures, he continued. “Interreligious dialogue does not mean to deny one’s own faith, but rather to change one’s mind or attitude towards the other.”

Patriarch Bartholomew I - Convergence Movement


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Baptism Pope Francis and Pope Tawadros Convergence Movement

#Baptism #PopeFrancis and #PopeTawadros #ConvergenceMovement

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#ConvergenceMovement: Popes Francis, Tawadros II sign declaration to end controversy over rebaptism

Baptism Pope Francis and Pope Tawadros Convergence Movement

Pope Francis of the Roman Catholic Church and Pope Tawadros II of the Coptic Orthodox Church signed a declaration on Friday during the former’s visit to Egypt, agreeing that rebaptism should not be held for Christians wishing to convert from one church to the other.

The declaration, published by the Vatican, stated, “today we, Pope Francis and Pope Tawadros II, in order to please the heart of Lord Jesus, as well as that of our sons and daughters in faith, mutually declare that we, with one mind and heart, will seek sincerely not to repeat the baptism that has been administered in either of our Churches for any person who wishes to join the other. This we confess in obedience to the Holy Scriptures and the faith of the three Ecumenical Councils assembled in Nicaea, Constantinople, and Ephesus.”

Ishak Ibrahim, researcher at the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), explained that rebaptism had been one of the main doctrinal differences throughout the past 15 centuries, in which churches did not acknowledge one another.

“Baptism is considered one of the seven sacred sacraments of Christianity; it symbolises how a person is reborn when joining Christianity,” Ibrahim clarified, adding that Christians went through baptism only once in their life during their early childhood, hence, when churches did not acknowledge the baptism of one another, a person had to go through rebaptism if they wanted to transfer from the Catholic Church to the Orthodox or vice versa.

“The declaration’s importance lies in its symbolism and the message within, which shows that churches are able to coexist,” he added. “I believe that the majority of Christians will not oppose the declaration. Of course there will be opposition, but I don’t think it will result in any severe consequences.”

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What the #ConvergenceMovement Is Not

What the Convergence Movement is Not. 


The Convergence Movement is not the Ecumenical Movement.

The Ecumenical Movement has been a constructive and instrumental part in preparing the scene for the Convergence Movement.   It was at first, and will continue to be, necessary for the various factions and denominations of God’s church to dialog and commence tearing down the walls of division.  God has blessed this effort.  The Convergence Movement, however, has identified the three living streams of the Church and invites God to bring them together as one complete life-giving river.  “There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the Place where the Most High dwells” (Psalm 46:4).  These three streams each in their own way have defined the map of Christianity through the ages and will merge like a  flood into the future to bring reconciliation and unleash God’s powerful purpose for his Church.  For the present time, Convergence Churches will be powerful symbols and agents of rapproachement and the impending unity of God’s people in the midst of a growing darkness and alienation in the world.

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Liturgy and Sacraments #ConvergenceMovement

The Liturgic and Sacramental

Liturgic – Liturgy

1.  relating to liturgy
2.  relating to religious worship or to a service of worship, especially the celebration of Communion in a Christian service.


Liturgy is; a body of rites (or system of ceremonial procedures) prescribed for formal public worship.

  • Although the term is sometimes applied to Jewish worship, it is especially associated with the prayers and ceremonies used in the celebration of the Lord’s Supper, also known as Holy Eucharist.
  • During the first three centuries of the Christian era, the rite of the church was comparatively fluid (or very likely changing), based on various accounts of the Last Supper.
  • In about the 4th century the various traditions crystallized into four liturgies, the Antiochene, or Greek, the Alexandrian, the Roman, and the Gallican, from which all others have been derived.
  • The Antiochene family of liturgies includes the Clementine liturgy of the Apostolic Constitutions, which is no longer used;
  • The Syriac liturgy of Saint James,
Syriac = ancient Syrian language: a form of Aramaic used between the 3rd and 13th centuries that survives in some Eastern Orthodox churches
  • The Syriac liturgy of Saint James, used by the Jacobite church and Syrian Eastern Rite churches (see Eastern Rite Churches);
  • The Greek liturgy of Saint James, used once a year at Jerusalem;
  • The Syriac liturgy of the Maronites;
  • The Syriac liturgy used by the Nestorian church;
  • The Malabar liturgy, used by the Saint Thomas Christians of India; the Byzantine liturgy, used in various languages by the Orthodox churches;
  • The Armenian liturgy, used by the Georgians and the Armenian Eastern Rite churches.


 In Christianity, a rite that is considered to have been established by Jesus Christ to bring grace to those participating in or receiving it.In the Protestant Church, the sacraments are baptism and Communion.

The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches also include penance (or confession & repentance), confirmation (completion of training for adult hood), holy orders, matrimony, and the anointing of the sick.

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